If no argument to —body is given, prompt to supply one interactively. If any other text is provided and the text represents an open-able file, the content of that file is used as the body. If it does not represent an open-able file, the text itself is used as the body. Hi, great examples to connect to a smtp server from command line. The best of it is that you can send attachments. Your email address will not be published. This site, binarytides. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Related Post. This is a holdover from the very olden days when Sendmail was the only MTA.
This opens a wizard that asks what kind of server you want. Figure 1: Postfix configuration. Ubuntu will create a configuration file and launch three Postfix daemons: master, qmgr , and pickup. There is no Postfix command or daemon. If it finds no syntax errors, it reports nothing:. We have verified the server name, and that Postfix is listening and responding to requests on port 25, the SMTP port.
Type quit to exit telnet. In the example, the commands that you type to interact with your server are in bold.
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This is created by the installer. Procmail can be invoked in several different ways. Whenever an MTA places an email into the mail spool file, Procmail is launched. Procmail then filters and files the email for the MUA and quits. Alternatively, the MUA can be configured to execute Procmail any time a message is received so that messages are moved into their correct mailboxes. Therefore, to use Procmail, each user must construct a. Whether Procmail acts upon an email message depends upon whether the message matches a specified set of conditions or recipes in the rc file.
If a message matches a recipe, then the email is placed in a specified file, is deleted, or is otherwise processed. When Procmail starts, it reads the email message and separates the body from the header information.
Procmail then searches for a. Many users also create additional rc files for Procmail that are referred to within the. The Procmail configuration file contains important environmental variables.
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These variables specify things such as which messages to sort and what to do with the messages that do not match any recipes. In this example, env-variable is the name of the variable and value defines the variable. There are many environment variables not used by most Procmail users and many of the more important environment variables are already defined by a default value.
Most of the time, the following variables are used:.
Note that it uses paths relative to the current directory. The default is 8 seconds.
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The default is seconds. If set, all other Procmail paths are relative to this directory. ORGMAIL — Specifies the original mailbox, or another place to put the messages if they cannot be placed in the default or recipe-required location. This option is useful for debugging. A comprehensive explanation of all environments variables, and their default values, is available in the procmailrc man page.
New users often find the construction of recipes the most difficult part of learning to use Procmail. This difficulty is often attributed to recipes matching messages by using regular expressions which are used to specify qualifications for string matching. However, regular expressions are not very difficult to construct and even less difficult to understand when read.
Additionally, the consistency of the way Procmail recipes are written, regardless of regular expressions, makes it easy to learn by example. The first two characters in a Procmail recipe are a colon and a zero. Various flags can be placed after the zero to control how Procmail processes the recipe. A colon after the flags section specifies that a lockfile is created for this message. If a lockfile is created, the name can be specified by replacing lockfile-name. A recipe can contain several conditions to match against the message.
If it has no conditions, every message matches the recipe. Regular expressions are placed in some conditions to facilitate message matching. If multiple conditions are used, they must all match for the action to be performed. The action-to-perform argument specifies the action taken when the message matches one of the conditions. There can only be one action per recipe. In many cases, the name of a mailbox is used here to direct matching messages into that file, effectively sorting the email. Special action characters may also be used before the action is specified. The action used if the recipe matches a particular message determines whether it is considered a delivering or non-delivering recipe.
A delivering recipe contains an action that writes the message to a file, sends the message to another program, or forwards the message to another email address. A non-delivering recipe covers any other actions, such as a nesting block. Nesting blocks can be nested inside one another, providing greater control for identifying and performing actions on messages.
When messages match a delivering recipe, Procmail performs the specified action and stops comparing the message against any other recipes. Messages that match non-delivering recipes continue to be compared against other recipes. The egrep utility is used internally for matching of the conditions. The following flags are commonly used:. A — Specifies that this recipe is only used if the previous recipe without an A or a flag also matched this message. B — Parses the body of the message and looks for matching conditions. This is the default behavior.
This is useful with delivering recipes, since the required action can be performed on the message and a copy of the message can continue being processed in the rc files. D — Makes the egrep comparison case-sensitive. By default, the comparison process is not case-sensitive.
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E — While similar to the A flag, the conditions in the recipe are only compared to the message if the immediately preceding recipe without an E flag did not match. This is comparable to an else action.
H — Parses the header of the message and looks for matching conditions. W — Is identical to w except that "Program failure" messages are suppressed. Lockfiles are very useful with Procmail to ensure that more than one process does not try to alter a message simultaneously. This creates a local lockfile based on the destination file name plus whatever has been set in the LOCKEXT global environment variable.
Alternatively, specify the name of the local lockfile to be used with this recipe after the colon. Special characters used before Procmail recipe conditions and actions change the way they are interpreted. This is often used to set a common mailbox that is referred to by various recipes.
If no special character is used at the beginning of the action line, Procmail assumes that the action line is specifying the mailbox in which to write the message. Procmail is an extremely flexible program, but as a result of this flexibility, composing Procmail recipes from scratch can be difficult for new users.
The best way to develop the skills to build Procmail recipe conditions stems from a strong understanding of regular expressions combined with looking at many examples built by others.
A thorough explanation of regular expressions is beyond the scope of this section. The structure of Procmail recipes and useful sample Procmail recipes can be found at various places on the Internet.
How to Install and Test a Postfix Mail Server - rasemeswhirl.tk
The proper use and adaptation of regular expressions can be derived by viewing these recipe examples. In addition, introductory information about basic regular expression rules can be found in the grep 1 man page. The following simple examples demonstrate the basic structure of Procmail recipes and can provide the foundation for more intricate constructions. The first line specifies that a local lockfile is to be created but does not specify a name, so Procmail uses the destination file name and appends the value specified in the LOCKEXT environment variable.
No condition is specified, so every message matches this recipe and is placed in the single spool file called new-mail. An MUA can then view messages in this file. A basic recipe, such as this, can be placed at the end of all rc files to direct messages to a default location. With this example, any messages sent by spammer domain.
If a recipe inadvertently catches unintended messages, and those messages disappear, it becomes difficult to troubleshoot the rule. The following recipe grabs email sent from a particular mailing list and places it in a specified folder. Any messages sent from the tux-lug domain.
Debugging Postfix Config, Mail Logs & more
Because it is called by Sendmail, Postfix, and Fetchmail upon receiving new emails, Procmail can be used as a powerful tool for combating spam. This is particularly true when Procmail is used in conjunction with SpamAssassin. When used together, these two applications can quickly identify spam emails, and sort or destroy them. SpamAssassin uses header analysis, text analysis, blacklists, a spam-tracking database, and self-learning Bayesian spam analysis to quickly and accurately identify and tag spam.